Khodrocar - Peugeot is one of the first car companies in the world and today it is one of the subsidiaries of PSA Group and is still recognized as the largest French car company and the second largest car maker in Europe.
Founded in 1810 by Emile Peugeot for the purpose of making coffee mills in Sousse, France, Peugeot began manufacturing bicycles in 1830 and eventually began manufacturing coffee, salt and pepper mills in 1842. Peugeot's official entry into the automotive industry, with the development of the Grand Bay bike by Emile's son, Arman Peugeot, began in 1882, a Penny-Fringe bike.
Arman soon became interested in the automotive industry, arguing with people like Gottlieb Daimler, and the first Peugeot in 1889 was made with only four models. The steam engine used in this car was heavy and occupied a great deal of volume and also required a long time to warm up. In 1890 the use of steam engines was banned and it was proposed to use fuel engines in cars designed by Pohnard and licensed by Daimler.
It was more advanced than many of its predecessors. Then more cars were built and in 1882 29 cars, 40 cars in 1884, 72 cars in 1895, 156 cars in 1898 and finally 3,000 cars in 1899. Peugeot was the first company to install rubber tires on its vehicles and in 1895 installed air tires. In 1896, Peugeot developed its first engine without the help of Gottlieb Daimler, and later various improvements were made, such as the ability to move the undercarriage into the hood, and the car was formed in its modern sense.
In 1896 the first internal combustion engine was developed by Peugeot and no longer had to buy a Daimler engine. The first model had a 6 kW motor, mounted horizontally at the rear and mounted on the Peugeot 15. Subsequent advances were that the engine moved to the front of the car and the wheels were added to the car and the cars resembled modern cars.
In 1898, Arman Peugeot decided to split from Peugeot to form his own company, focusing more on the car that, in 1901, won the best race by producing a 652cc engine, 5 horsepower, a traditional cylinder and appearance. Model that year.
After winning the 19th prize in Paris, he decided to quit racing, so in 1903 Peugeot began producing motorcycles, and then Peugeot motorcycles quickly took their place on the market. In 1903 Peugeot produced about half of the French market cars. In 1907, the first six-cylinder engine made by Peugeot was unveiled and Tony Huber's collaboration with the engine maker began. Since there were many cars of different types in production, Peugeot decided to launch another.
Between 1914 and 1918, with the outbreak of World War I in Europe, Peugeot manufactured various military vehicles ranging from bicycles to large tanks. In the years after World War I, the car became a must-have for everyone, and was no longer a formality for the affluent. With the end of the war in Europe, car racing resumed and racing continued and developed throughout the 20th century. In 1926 the pedal and engine division was separated and the Peugeot bicycle unit became independent from its parent company, and the cycle became independent. It formed the Peugeot.
In 1928, the 183 was produced, and 1929 was the year that the modern-day Peugeot was named, and the new 1929, the Peugeot 201, was the cheapest car on the French market and a model with the Peugeot brand. It was the first Peugeot mass-produced car.
In 1933, the company launched the Peugeot 402, the first model to be retractable, and then World War II began and Peugeot was forced to produce a van and truck war, but in 1948 it again did business. It started with the production of the Peugeot 203, and later released many models in collaboration with the Italian design company Pennine Farrina, such as the Peugeot 504.
In 1958 sales of the company's products began in Italy and cooperation with other companies such as Renault and Volvo increased. In 1974, Peugeot bought a 30% stake in Citroen and in 1975 took over the company.
Many Citroen fans protested at the time, citing Citroen's legendary innovations and advances. As a result, the two companies merged, and the new company was named Peugeot Citroen, to maintain the brands of each company, but to benefit from research in terms of technical and technological resources. Citroen was in financial trouble at the time, but at the same time had designed many models of the car for final production.
All these investments made the company spend a lot of money and suffer financial problems. The successful Peugeot 205 was introduced in 1983 and covered many of the company's costs. In 1990, for the first time, the partnership between the two companies was managed by Jane Martin Foles at Peugeot Citroen.
Sales in the United States of the Peugeot 405 and Peugeot 505 models reached 4261 units in 1990, and sales of 2240 units peaked in July 1991 after 33 years. Peugeot also provided Formula One racing engines from 1998 to 2000.
Peugeot was well short of its goal of selling four million cars a year, with sales of less than 2 million vehicles a year in 2008, and sales declined again in early 2009 due to the 2007-2012 financial crisis.
In late 2009, Peugeot also saw a decline in sales and sales, with Philippe Varin replacing Christine Streif. Peugeot now has more than 200,000 employees worldwide, with sales totaling over $ 54 billion in 2012, still France's largest carmaker, and second only to Europe's largest car maker after Volkswagen Group.
In naming Peugeot's car models, the right number signifies the generation of the car, and the left number signifies the size of the car. For example, the Model 206 shows 6 car generations and 2 car sizes; therefore, the 504 is larger than the 206 and older. Of course, there are some exceptions to this, for example, the Model 309 was manufactured before the Model 306.
1889 was an important year for the Peugeot Factory, as it launched the first Peugeot to market, a 3-wheel drive Peugeot designed by Arman Peugeot.
At that time, the logo on other Peugeot factory products was displayed, but between 1890 and 1905 the milk logo was not visible on the production machines and was used as a Peugeot on the radiator for marking these cars.
The original logo of the company, with the design of the lion, was designed as the Peugeot World Logo in 1933, and the logo first appeared on the Peugeot 203. A lion rising on his back two, reminiscent of Peugeot's original birthplace of the Conte Franchise.