Khodrocar - Since
domestic and foreign sanctions along with the lack of liquidity due to
delinquent claims of auto parts manufacturers and significant increase in the
price of raw materials and production inputs on a daily basis along with
liquidity restrictions by banks and the problem of foreign exchange supply, raw
materials And internal and external semi-manufactured parts and bureaucracy are
heavy and time-consuming criteria for applying for knowledge-based
registration, as well as the use of fundraising and innovation fund facilities
are among the challenges of the automotive industry and parts. The
implementation of the suggestions of the activists in that field, who are aware
of the obstacles and limitations, improved the situation.
Based on the
package of incentives proposed by the Association of Homogeneous Industries,
four domestic manufacturing tables have been formed so far. It became a euro.
In the second table of domestic production, with the participation of 36
manufacturers, 42 other parts continued to internalize the parts during a
contract worth 1.125 billion Tomans, which resulted in a reduction of 91
In the third table, the number of parts manufacturers' participation
decreased, so that 21 domestic manufacturers made 22 parts with a contract
worth 1336 billion tomans, which resulted in saving 99 million euros. According
to forecasts, the fourth table with the presence of 36 manufacturers will
proceed with the internalization of 55 pieces with a contract amounting to 1259
billion tomans, which according to forecasts will bring 66 million euros in
foreign exchange savings. Based on this, a total of 825 manufacturers
internalized 154 pieces in these tables, the value of these contracts reached
4,469 billion tomans, which has led to a reduction of 341 million euros in
Parts industry activists believe that as we move deeper into
localization, the path will become more difficult and complex, so the success
of this movement will need strong stimuli in the short term, and the package to
encourage domestic production could be the driving force behind this.
In this regard, government incentives to motivate carmakers
and parts manufacturers with the aim of deepening domestic production and
incentives for automakers to encourage the supply chain and investors for
domestic construction projects are two of the proposed incentives.
Accordingly, in the section on government incentives, such
as allocating low-interest facilities, allocating resources of the National
Development Fund, formulating tax incentives, media and advertising support,
honoring and protecting intellectual property, and preventing the import of
domestically made parts.
Parts industry activists believe that the allocation of
long-term fixed capital and short-term working capital facilities with low
interest rates for the duration of the return on investment are among the main
incentives in domestic manufacturing desks because of the investment of Rials and
foreign exchange to set up lines. It is necessary to produce and supply some
raw materials and items needed for this measure. Also, the appropriate interest
rate for these projects is proposed in order to create competitiveness in Rial
facilities and a maximum of 10% in foreign exchange facilities, but of course,
granting facilities equivalent to Rials is a higher priority.
At the same time, allocating part of the resources of the National
Development Fund to the import of equipment, machinery and production tools
instead of importing consumer goods is another government incentive. Definitely, using the resources of this fund with the aim of providing
the required liquidity to supply machinery and fixed assets of the automotive
industry as a propulsion industry and its important role in macroeconomics with
a proper repayment period is necessary so that the necessary liquidity for
fixed investment of this industry is only relevant.
incentives include the regulation of exemptions and tax incentives in domestic
construction projects for the period of return on investment. According to
parts manufacturers, this support is definitely in terms of exemptions,
research and targeted forgiveness in order to maintain and develop the
automotive industry, as well as the government's macro policies to support
production leaps and pre-determined goals to increase production circulation.
As a result, in the future, while creating jobs and boosting production and
reducing economic and social damage, it will lead to more tax revenue for the
Honoring and protecting intellectual property and judicial
and legal protection are other incentives offered by the Association of
Homogeneous Industries with the aim of developing and successful domestic
manufacturing tables. According to the incentive, the protection of the
trademark as well as the protection and recognition of the intellectual
property of the domestic producer and its executive guarantee by the
legislature and the judiciary to prevent damage to the intellectual property of
the producer, which of course requires culture in industrial society, including
these are incentives.
The last paragraph of the government incentives also
emphasizes on preventing the import of parts that have domestic production to
the extent of domestic production capacity. Given the importance of preserving
foreign exchange reserves in the current situation and its targeted allocation
to support the flourishing of domestic production, especially to prevent the
collapse of the automotive industry, It is important.
In the continuation of
this package, the incentives of car manufacturers have been mentioned, so that
buying at the cost price is equivalent to importing at the beginning of the
work and reducing the long-term price, including these incentives.
At the suggestion of the automakers, the automaker will
enter into a contract with them at the LANDED PRIXE rate. All over the world,
in order to reach the target price, in order to prevent the outflow of foreign
currency from the country, sufficient motivation to invest domestically and
cover capital expenditures should be achieved.
At the same time, cash purchases of parts delivered for a
period of at least one year are among the other incentives for automakers. Like
other contracts, it takes time.
A fair contract and a guarantee of a return on investment
with just one supply source for each piece are other demands of the parts
manufacturers to better implement home-made tables. According to them, the
automaker will purchase the parts in the form of a win-win and two-way contract
for the entire period of the project capital return period and with the
promised circulation, and during the contract period will work with only one
source of supply to be a motivation to invest and localize.
The automaker's participation in the fixed investment risk
of projects is also the last incentive that the component maker considers
necessary for domesticization. According to car industry activists, due to the
newness of projects and parts, the need for high investments for the production
of special products that only the automaker buys, so it is better for the
automaker to invest in fixed investments by pre-purchasing parts and
depreciating in The duration of the contract, the purchase of molds and special
tools and equipment for production and delivery to the manufacturer, taking
into account the full cost of depreciation of technical knowledge, machinery
and equipment based on participation capacity.
Participants believe that in addition to implementing these
incentives, any parallel work with institutions such as the military industry
that has entered the automotive industry should be prevented and these
industries should not become a competitor for the private sector, but the
military industry should use its multi-year technical knowledge for better use.
Make it available to component makers. Participants believe that in addition to
implementing these incentives, any parallel work with institutions such as the
military industry that has entered the automotive industry should be prevented
and these industries should not become a competitor for the private sector, but
the military industry should use its multi-year technical knowledge for better
use. Make it available to component makers.