Khodrocar - It was the first automaker outside the United States to mass-produce cars and set up a modern car sales and after-sales service network.
Citroen founded the first mass production of front-wheel drive cars in the world in 1934, with the launch of the Citroen Type A. The company has been part of the Peugeot Citroen Industrial Group since 1976. Andre Citroen was a car designer who had no interest in driving. He was of Dutch-Jewish descent, who was born in 1878 in Paris.
Andre graduated from high school in 1894 and entered the Polytechnic School of Paris and entered the French Army after completing his university studies as an officer-engineer. At that time many European Jews had a relative influence in various industries, so Citroen was able to get employment in the Dutch textile industry with the help of his relatives. During his trip to the Netherlands he was able to get acquainted with the repair of toothed wheels, and upon returning to Paris in 1904 with the help of two of his friends, he set up a workshop for the manufacture of coils.
Andrew Citroen's entry into the auto industry was with the help of the Morse brothers (owners of the Morse Automobile Company). The two brothers were manufacturers of racing cars in France. Morse brothers, aware of Andre's talent in mass production, invited him to produce and market their products, which increased with the advent of Citroen as Morse automobile production increased.
In 1912 Andre founded the Citroen Gear Company. Citroen also became president of the Automobile Employers' Federation and traveled to the United States before the outbreak of World War I, where he met Henry Ford.
At the start of the war, Andre joined the French army as the second artillery captain. The lack of artillery facilities forced him to open a small artillery factory for the French army.
By the end of the war, the Citroen plant had produced more than 24 million warheads. After the war ended, the Citroen factory resumed auto manufacturing. His factory was Europe's first automaker to mass produce. By this time, Andre had not officially named anything, even his car and personal home were rented. Andre Citroen finally formally founded Citroen Automobile Company in 1919, the first automobile produced after World War I in 1919, the Citroen Type A.
In 1920, the company, which was going through a post-war decline, was in dire straits, so to avoid bankruptcy, Andre Citroen began negotiating with General Motors for sale. In the closing stages of Citroen's transfer, GMs terminated the transaction because of unreasonable investment in the company.
Citroen continued to operate independently for many years as a result of General Motors' withdrawal from the acquisition. Citroen was the world's fourth largest automaker until the early 1930s.
In 1934, the Citroen factory was in a difficult position to finance. As the financial crisis worsened, some of Citroen's shares were bought by the private sector, the majority of which were sold to Michigan and Bank Lazard.
A year later, Andre Citroen died of gastric cancer and was buried in the Montparnasse Cemetery while not making enough money to produce a car. During the years of Andre's leadership of the company, the most famous cars produced were Citroen Gian and Citroen CX.
Citroen was one of the first innovators of aerodynamic car designs. In 1963, Citroen executives decided to co-produce their products with Peugeot. Two years later, in 1965, after the agreement between the two French automakers; Peugeot and Citroen, executives began negotiating with Penaard.
Citroen's senior executives were hoping to tap into the design and engineer knowledge of Penaard Automotive, a mid-size car maker, to complete the process of producing their own small and low-cost cars, which were partially successful.
In the late 1960s, Fiat began to buy Citroen shares. Until 1971, the Italian company was a major shareholder of Citroen, and with the onset of the 1973 oil crisis that caused a sharp decline in the value of Citroen's stock, Fiat began selling its stake in the company, and finally in 1976, Fiat. Announced with Citroen. With the separation of Fiat, Citroen was once again on the verge of bankruptcy.
In order to control the labor market and prevent further losses to Citroen, the French government announced the proposal to merge Citroen with Peugeot to two time managers. In 1974, Peugeot bought 38.2% of Citroen's stock, and Peugeot Citroen was founded in 1976 with the support of the French government, and today Peugeot Citroen still manages Citroen.
In 2009, on the occasion of its 90th anniversary, Citroen unveiled a new car called Citroen DS3, which launched the luxury car series with the DS model. The company also launched Citroen DS 4 and Citroen DS 5 in 2010 and 2011, respectively, and in 1396, Citroen entered into a contract with Saipa Kashan to buy a half of the company.
Andrey's work started with the workshop and the manufacture of coils, so he used the designs on the logos installed on the first Citroen-made cars. The Citroen trademark or logo, now known as the Chevron Double, is inspired by the same design, two 8-shape marks.