Khodrocar - Volkswagen owes its survival after World War II to a British Land Force officer named Ivan Hirst. After the war, when the Volkswagen plant suffered serious damage, it was occupied by US troops and then delivered to Hearst. Initially, the decision was made to stockpile the ammunition given the serious damage to the plant. But Hurst was opposed to this, and after much consultation with the authorities, he was able to convince them that rebuilding the plant could be beneficial and at first he was able to get 20,000 orders from the British Land Force to build the car.
Volkswagen was founded in 1937 by the German Nazi Party. In the early 1930s cars in Germany were mostly luxury and expensive cars, and an average person in German society could hardly afford to buy a car for themselves.
This vacancy in the German car market at the time led many carmakers to launch the "People's Car" project independently, including the Mercedes 170h. In 1933, while all independent projects were being pursued and yielding good results, Adolf Hitler officially unveiled the Nazi Party-sponsored "People's Car" project.
The goal of the project was to produce a car capable of carrying two adults and three children and most people able to buy it. In fact, Hitler announced that the price of the 990 Reichs would be the same as that of a motorcycle.
By 1936, prototypes of the car had been fitted with an air-cooled four-cylinder engine at the rear of the car. In 1937, the car was manufactured under the brand name Volkswagen under the code KDF, later known as the Volkswagen Frog (Volkswagen Beatle).
The company was repatriated to Germany in January 1948 and Heinrich Nordhoff was elected chairman. The son of a banker, he worked for Opel and BMW companies in the past and was well versed in American automobiles and their mass production, and was thoroughly familiar with the export science of cars. As a result, in 1948 it exported a quarter of its production outside Germany. He also made several millions of dollars in profit by exporting two models to the United States.
Ferdinand Porsche was a consulting engineer at the time, and with the reputation he gained he was able to later establish a large sports car factory called Porsche. In the 1950s, the company strengthened its markets in the US and was able to export half of its products. In 1979, the company produced some 330 vehicles.
In 1954, with the production of an engine of 1,292 cc, it improved both commercially and mechanically the Beatle cars. Other models include the Volkswagen Karman, a coupe and sport car. In 1961, 1,500 units of the Beatle model were produced with an engine capacity of 1493 cc. By December 1961, the company's production had reached five million, and thereafter its production did not decline to less than one million vehicles.
During the 1960s other models such as the Volkswagen TI and the Volkswagen Saloon 411 were introduced. From 1965 models of Audi's production were also offered. Heinrich Nordhoff passed away in April 1969 after retiring, and with the change of management, the company suffered severe problems, which over time managed to resolve.
In 1971 the Volkswagen K70 was built and in 1972 it was refined to become the more powerful K70L. By this time, the company was able to produce about 15 million vehicles, which was a huge victory. In May 1981, however, the production of the 20th Volcano frog in Mexico was announced.
The next generation of Volkswagen cars The Volkswagen Passat front-wheel drive cars were inspired by the Audi 80 model and the 1973 product. In 1974, Volkswagen City Golf was launched. Early models used 1093cc engines and were quickly produced as one of the world-famous hatchbacks. American-made golf is named after Robit.
The 1975 Volkswagen Polo hatchback was produced with a 3-speed transmission and in 1979 the Volkswagen Jetta was produced. US Volkswagen Golf production was followed in New Stanton, Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania. The company also used diesel engines in the Volkswagen Golf and Volkswagen Passat cars to boost their power to 110 hp.
In June 1979, with the production of a golf car, Volkswagen's total production reached 35 million and the company celebrated it. The company then transferred the privilege of manufacturing Volkswagen Passat and Polo models to Siat in Spain. He also signed a contract with the Chinese government in 1982 to produce a Volkswagen Passat model called the Volkswagen Santana in China. The Volkswagen Santana model was also developed by Nissan.
Although the production of the sports car was not profitable for the company, it had to produce them to compete with other factories. These models include 16 Volkswagen Santana Sirico cars with a top speed of 209 km / h.
Since 1985, 16 valve engines have also been seen in the GTI car. The 1988 Syncro Golf model was also a two-car product. In 1989, the Volkswagen was replaced by a 1800 cc 16-valve four-cylinder engine replacing the Volkswagen Circo.
In 1991, Volkswagen introduced its third generation of Golf cars, the Volkswagen Golf MK3, which became the European Car of the Year that same year. In late 1997, the Volkswagen Golf MK4 was produced. The basic model was the design and manufacture of models such as the new Volkswagen Beatle, the Seat Toledo, the Seat Leon, the Audi A3, the Audi TT and the Eskudo Octavia. The Volkswagen Corado is also a golf coupe.
2002 The Volkswagen Torg model was produced and marketed at Volkswagen factories based in Bratislava, Slovakia and Russia. In 2007, the Volkswagen Portugal-based factory designed and manufactured the Volkswagen AuVas model. The sixth generation of golf was launched in 2008 under the brand name Volkswagen Golf MK6. In mid-2008 the Volkswagen Tiguan SUV and the Volkswagen Coupe Passat CC were unveiled.
For years Volkswagen has become one of the most trusted car makers in the world. Volkswagen Frog is still one of the world record holders, and cars such as Volkswagen Passat and Volkswagen Golf have a worldwide reputation. The company also spends the largest amount of investment in research and development among all the automakers in the world.
In 2012, Volkswagen produced more than 5 million and 700 vehicles and generated more than 103 billion euros in net profit of 3.6 billion euros. In January 2017, Volkswagen announced it would become the world's best-selling automaker by overtaking its Japanese rival, Toyota.